The Directive ‘lays down rules for the contained use of genetically modified microorganisms (GMMs) in order to protect human health and the environment in the EU’ [Source:].

Regulation No 1829/2003 ‘lays down rules on how genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are authorised and supervised, and on how genetically modified food and animal feed is labelled. It aims to protect: people’s lives and health; animal health and welfare; environmental and consumer interests’ [Source:].

Regulation No 1946/2003 ‘seeks to implement certain points of the Cartagena Protocol on preventing biotechnological risks. This is because some genetically modified organisms (GMOs) may have adverse effects on the environment and human health’. It also aims ‘ To ensure an adequate level of protection, it creates a system for notifying and exchanging information on the export of GMOs to non-EU countries’ [Source:].

The Directive 2001/18/EC ‘aims to make the procedure for granting consent for the deliberate release and placing on the market of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)* more efficient and more transparent. It also limits such consent to a period of 10 years (renewable) and introduces compulsory monitoring after GMOs have been placed on the market’ [Source:].