- European Union, Directive 2009/41/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on the contained use of genetically modified micro-organisms
The Directive ‘lays down rules for the contained use of genetically modified microorganisms (GMMs) in order to protect human health and the environment in the EU’ [Source: http://eur-lex.europa.eu].
- European Union, Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 September 2003 on genetically modified food and feed
Regulation No 1829/2003 ‘lays down rules on how genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are authorised and supervised, and on how genetically modified food and animal feed is labelled. It aims to protect: people’s lives and health; animal health and welfare; environmental and consumer interests’ [Source: http://eur-lex.europa.eu].
- European Union, Regulation (EC) No 1946/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 July 2003 on transboundary movements of genetically modified organisms
|Regulation No 1946/2003 ‘seeks to implement certain points of the Cartagena Protocol on preventing biotechnological risks. This is because some genetically modified organisms (GMOs) may have adverse effects on the environment and human health’. It also aims ‘ To ensure an adequate level of protection, it creates a system for notifying and exchanging information on the export of GMOs to non-EU countries’ [Source: http://eur-lex.europa.eu].|
- European Union, Directive 2001/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 March 2001 on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms and repealing Council Directive 90/220/EEC
The Directive 2001/18/EC ‘aims to make the procedure for granting consent for the deliberate release and placing on the market of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)* more efficient and more transparent. It also limits such consent to a period of 10 years (renewable) and introduces compulsory monitoring after GMOs have been placed on the market’ [Source: http://eur-lex.europa.eu].