- European Union, Regulation (EU) 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2017 on official controls and other official activities performed to ensure the application of food and feed law, rules on animal health and welfare, plant health and plant protection products, amending Regulations (EC) No 999/2001, (EC) No 396/2005, (EC) No 1069/2009, (EC) No 1107/2009, (EU) No 1151/2012, (EU) No 652/2014, (EU) 2016/429 and (EU) 2016/2031 of the European Parliament and of the Council, Council Regulations (EC) No 1/2005 and (EC) No 1099/2009 and Council Directives 98/58/EC, 1999/74/EC, 2007/43/EC, 2008/119/EC and 2008/120/EC, and repealing Regulations (EC) No 854/2004 and (EC) No 882/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council, Council Directives 89/608/EEC, 89/662/EEC, 90/425/EEC, 91/496/EEC, 96/23/EC, 96/93/EC and 97/78/ EC and Council Decision 92/438/EEC (Official Controls Regulation)
This Regulation seeks ‘to establish a harmonised Union framework for the organisation of official controls, and official activities other than official controls, along the entire agri-food chain, taking into account the rules on official controls laid down in Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 and in relevant sectoral legislation, and the experience gained from the application of those rules’ [Recital n. 20].
- European Union, Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2011 on the provision of food information to consumers, amending Regulations (EC) No 1924/2006 and (EC) No 1925/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council, and repealing Commission Directive 87/250/EEC, Council Directive 90/496/EEC, Commission Directive 1999/10/EC, Directive 2000/13/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, Commission Directives 2002/67/EC and 2008/5/EC and Commission Regulation (EC) No 608/2004
Regulation (EU) 1169/2011 ‘guarantees consumers their right to adequate information by establishing the general principles, requirements and responsibilities for the labelling of foodstuffs they consume. It provides sufficient flexibility to respond to future developments in the food sector. It merges the previous legislation, Directives 2000/13/EC on the labelling of foodstuffs and 90/496/EEC on nutritional labelling’ [Source: http://eur-lex.europa.eu].
- European Union, Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 laying down specific hygiene rules for food of animal origin
‘This regulation aims to ensure a high level of food safety and public health. It complements Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 on the hygiene of foodstuffs, whose rules mainly cover the approval of operators in the sector. The regulation’s rules apply to unprocessed and processed products of animal origin. They generally do not apply to food that contains both products of plant origin and processed products of animal origin. European Union (EU) countries must register and, where necessary, approve establishments handling products of animal origin’ [Source: http://eur-lex.europa.eu].
- European Union, Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the hygiene of foodstuffs
‘The Regulation and its annexes define a set of food safety objectives that firms working with food must meet’ [Source: http://eur-lex.europa.eu].
- European Union, Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2002 laying down the general principles and requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures in matters of food safety
The Regulation ‘strengthens the rules on the safety of food and feed in the EU. It also sets up the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), which provides support for the scientific testing and evaluation of food and feed. The Regulation does not cover primary production for private domestic use or the handling of food at home’ [Source: http://eur-lex.europa.eu].
‘A series of crises concerning human food and animal feed (BSE, dioxin etc.) has exposed weaknesses in the design and application of food legislation within the EU. This has led the Commission to include the promotion of a high level of food safety among its policy priorities over the next few years. As was stressed at the Helsinki European Council in December 1999, particular attention must be focused on improving quality standards and reinforcing systems of checks throughout the food chain, from farm to table. The White Paper on food safety is an important element in this strategy. The Commission is proposing a number of measures which will enable food safety to be organised in a more coordinated and integrated manner (…)’ [Source: http://eur-lex.europa.eu].
- European Communities, The general principles of food law in the European Union – Commission Green Paper [COM/97/0176 final], Brussels, 1997
‘The aim of this Green Paper is to: examine the extent to which the legislation is meeting the needs and expectations of consumers, producers, manufacturers and traders; consider how the measures to reinforce the independence and objectivity, equivalence and effectiveness of the official systems for the control and inspection of foodstuffs are fulfilling their objectives; invite a public debate on our food legislation to provide guidance to the Commission in its future legislative initiative on food, and accordingly; enable the Commission to propose measures allowing, wherever possible, to improve the protection of public health laid down in its measures for the internal market and the common agricultural policy, improve the coherence of Community food law, consolidate and simplify it, improve the operation of the internal market, and take into account the increasingly, important external dimension, notably the policies followed by our most advanced trading partners and the requirements of the WTO agreements (…)’ [Source: http://eur-lex.europa.eu].
- European Communities, Council Directive 92/59/EEC of 29 June 1992 on general product safety
‘The purpose of the provisions of this Directive is to ensure that products placed on the market are safe’ [Article 1].