ENVIRONMENT – CHEMICALS

‘The provisions of this Regulation on the import of mercury and of mixtures of mercury are aimed at ensuring the fulfilment by the Union and the Member States of the obligations’ of the 2013 Minamata Convention on Mercury [see infra] [Source: Recital n. 13].

The Decision approves, on behalf of the European Union, the Minamata Convention on mercury. ‘The Convention provides for a framework for the control and limitation of the use, and of anthropogenic emissions and releases, of mercury and mercury compounds to air, water and land, with a view to protecting human health and the environment’ [Source: Recital 2, Article 1].

This Regulation ‘harmonises the EU’s rules concerning the sale and use of biocidal products, while ensuring high levels of protection of human and animal health and of the environment’ [Source: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/].

The regulation ‘lays down rules for authorising the sale, use and control of plant protection products in the EU. It recognises the precautionary principle which EU countries may apply if there is scientific uncertainty about the risks a plant protection product might pose to human or animal health or the environment’ [Source: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/].

‘The REACH (registration, evaluation, authorisation and restriction of chemicals) regulation provides a comprehensive legislative framework for chemicals manufacture and use in Europe. It shifts from public authorities to the industry the responsibility for ensuring that chemicals produced, imported, sold and used in the EU are safe. It also: i) promotes alternative methods to animal testing; ii) creates a single market for chemicals; iii) aims to foster innovation and competitiveness in the sector; iv) establishes a European Chemicals Agency (ECHA)’ [Source: http://eur-lex.europa.eu].